3,000 — 1,200 BCE

3,000 — 1,200 BCE

Bronze Age (3,000—1,250 BCE)

Emergence of urban life and the establishment of the first fortified cities under Egyptian rule

Canaanites, a group of Semitic people, settled in the Palestine/Canaan and along the Syrio-Palestinian coast. They:

  • established semi-independent city-states, as reflected in Tell al-Amarna Letters
  • maintained maritime and land trade with the eastern Mediterranean, Egypt and Mesopotamia
  • invented the alphabet writing
  • developed a multi-deities religion common to Semitic peoples of the ancient Near East
  • manufactured bronze tools

Frequent rebellions by Canaanite city states prompted Egyptian military campaigns in Palestine