Embroidery: Almaza Al-Helou [Al A'abasiyeh] Ramallah
Since occupying the West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza in 1967, Israel has unilaterally declared tens of thousands of hectares of so-called ‘State Land’ for Israeli settlements. In 2005, Israel closed its settlements in Gaza but has maintained its occupation there, controlling airspace, and access by land and sea. Israeli settlements, checkpoints, military zones, the separation wall and other access restrictions have turned the West Bank into a series of disconnected cantons. Over 520,000 Israeli Jews live in illegal settlements, flouting the provisions of the 4th Geneva Convention and international law. Successive Israeli governments have used economic incentives to encourage families and businesses to move to the illegal settlements.
Era: Sumud - Steadfastness (1948 onwards)