638 — 1099 CE

638 — 1099 CE

Early Islamic Period (638—1099 CE)

Muslim Arabs conquered Palestine and arabised and islamicised the local population

The Umayyads in Damascus (661 – 750) transformed Jerusalem, which became the third holiest Islamic city;

built the Haram al-Sharif, which includes the Dome of the Rock and the Aqsa Mosque; built Ramla as capital of Palestine

Under the rule of the Abbassids in Baghdad (750 – 969), the Fatimids in Cairo (969 – 1073) and the Saljuqs in Damascus (1073- 1098), Palestine continued to flourish and Jerusalem became a destination for Islamic pilgrimage and learning