1,250 — 586 BCE

1,250 — 586 BCE

Iron Age (1,250—586 BCE)

Massive population migrations led to the establishment of regional kingdoms in Palestine.

Phoenicians (descendants and heirs of the Canaanites) were seafarers and founded city states along the Syrio-Palestinian coast and maritime colonies along the southern shores of the Mediterranean.

Philistines (after whom Palestine was named) migrated from the Mediterranean, established a confederation of city states along the southern coast of Palestine, and manufactured iron arms and tools .

Hebrews (Israelites), a semi-nomadic Semitic people, settled in the central mountains of Palestine. They were culturally influenced by the Canaanites and were in conflict with the Philistines.