1187 — 1250 CE

1187 — 1250 CE

Ayyubid Period (1187—1250)

Following the Zangids, the Ayyubids waged a ‘holy war’ against the Crusader states in the Levant. Salah al-Din defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of Hittin in 1187 CE

Palestine and Jerusalem were recovered, Islamic holy sites were restored and consecrated, and Islamic art and architecture were revived

In 1229 CE, al-Kamil surrendered Jerusalem to the Crusaders within a peace treaty

In 1244 CE, Jerusalem was recaptured by the Khawarizmians