Design: Ibrahim Muhtadi [Al Quds], Gaza, Palestine
Sketch: Shaymaa Abu-Hasanain [Gaza], Gaza, Palestine
Embroidery: Khawla Rubi [Yibne], Gaza, Palestine
On 16 September 1982, right-wing Lebanese militiamen allied to Israel perpetrated the massacre of an estimated 2,000 Palestinian and Lebanese civilians in the refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila in South Beirut. Those murdered were mostly women, children and elderly, and many of the victims’ bodies were found mutilated and raped. Soon after the killing began, Israeli forces surrounded Sabra and Shatila and provided bulldozers that were used to dispose of the bodies of the victims’. Years on, the Sabra and Shatila massacre continues to be commemorated, marking one of the most traumatizing events in modern Palestinian history.
Era: Sumud - Steadfastness (1948 onwards)